No one founder; main beliefs and practices brought to Brazil by west African slaves from the 1500s through the late 1800s
No single leader or central organization
Salvador, Brazil is considered the movement’s spiritual center
A combination of West African spirit worship and elements of Roman Catholicism. Adherents submit themselves to the will of the orixás, Yoruba demigods who possess the faithful. Though many participate casually, serious converts undergo bloody initiatory rituals.
Conservative Roman Catholics (including apologist and former bishop Boaventura Kloppenburg) have highlighted the inconsistency of baptized Catholics freely engaging in Candomblé rituals, which are incompatible with biblical Christianity
Related to similar movements in South America and the Caribbean, such as santería (Cuba) and voodoo (Haiti). Within Brazil, Candomblé is generally considered to be more authentically African than syncretistic movements like Umbanda and macumba (which incorporate elements of Kardecism and the New Age movement).
Those who publicly practice Catholicism but privately engage in Candomblé rituals are said to number in the millions.
Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
include Portuguese, Spanish